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The Responsibility to Protect and Accountability for Prevention

On September 6, Archbishop Bernardito Auza, the Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations delivered an intervention at the Informal Interactive Dialogue on the Report of the Secretary-General on the Responsibility to Protect and on accountability for prevention.

In his statement, Archbishop Auza said that while the Responsibility to Protect was only defined by the international community at the 2005 World Summit, the United Nations was basically born with and from the idea: while it is the primary responsibility of States is to protect their populations, when they fail or are incapable, it is the international community's responsibility to protect populations exposed to genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. He noted that the United Nations Member States have the collective responsibility to protect populations from these atrocities through "timely and decisive action" through the Security Council and in accordance with the UN charter when diplomatic and other peaceful measures fail to do so. He also highlighted the importance of implementing the Right to Protect in the context of refugees and migrants, who are often displaced from their homes and countries due to violence, threats and actual atrocity crimes in their countries of origin.

The statement can be found here.