The theme of the debate was "Rebuilding trust and reigniting global solidarity: Accelerating action on the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals towards peace, prosperity, progress, and sustainability for all."
Archbishop Gallagher Delivers Statement at the UN High-Level Meeting to Commemorate the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons
On September 26, 2023, Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher, Secretary for Relations with States and International Organizations of the Holy See, addressed the General Assembly at the High-level plenary meeting to commemorate and promote the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons.
Archbishop Gallagher Delivers Statement at the Thirteenth Conference on Facilitating the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty
In his remarks, Archbishop Gallagher emphasized that the over two thousand nuclear tests conducted since the dawn of the nuclear age have subjected “countless persons to adverse health effects of ionizing radiation” and have contaminated our common home.
Archbishop Gallagher Delivers Statement at the Ministerial Consultation on Funding Arrangements for Responding to Loss and Damage
In his remarks, Archbishop Gallagher noted that the recent experience of the COVID-19 pandemic has both reminded us of our fragility and the importance of ensuring that our society takes care of everyone’s health.
Statement by Archbishop Gallagher at the High-Level Meeting "Peace Day Effort: an Effort for Middle East Peace"
In his remarks, Archbishop Gallagher stressed that the Holy See welcomes every peace initiative, as long as it is not detrimental to local populations or to the legitimate demands of both Israelis and Palestinians.
UN High-Level Forum on the Culture of Peace under the theme "Promoting a Culture of Peace in the Digital Era"
On August 31 2023, Archbishop Gabriele Caccia, the Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations, delivered remarks during the UN High-Level Forum on the Culture of Peace. The theme was “Promoting Peace in the Digital Era.”
Statement During the General Assembly High-Level Plenary Meeting to Commemorate and Promote the International Day Against Nuclear Tests
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia reflected that in the seventy-eight years following the first nuclear-explosive test in New Mexico, nuclear tests have caused grave harm including displacement, multigenerational health problems, and poisoned food and water.
The Holy See delegation recalled that every human person has the right to food, while highlighting that over a quarter of a billion people currently face high levels of acute food insecurity worldwide.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia noted with concern that halfway towards the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, progress towards the goals of the Agenda has either been insufficient or has regressed, including as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Holy See Statement on African Countries, Least Developed Countries, and Landlocked Developing Countries
In the statement, the Holy See urged the international community to renew its commitment to support countries in special situations and ensure that their specific development needs and priorities are addressed.
In the remarks, the Holy See emphasized that climate action, capacity building for disaster risk reduction, and environmental protection must be at the center of development programs designed to support Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
On 14 June 2023, Archbishop Gabriele Caccia, Permanent Observer of the Holy See to the United Nations, addressed the United Nations Trusteeship Council Chamber during an intercultural and interreligious dialogue and panel discussion on “Building Bridges between East and West.”
In his remarks, Pope Francis began with a heartfelt plea to the Security Council to “face our common problems” by setting aside ideologies and narrow visions, partisan ideas and interests, and to cultivate a single purpose of working for the good of all humanity.
Archbishop Caccia began his remarks by highlighting that in the context of the ongoing interconnected global crises, there is great need for genuine global solidarity to assist the poorest and those left behind.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia stated that the promotion of the integral human development of every man, woman, and child must always be at the core of development policies, which must respect life from conception to natural death.
Holy See Statement during the General Exchange of Views at the United Nations Disarmament Commission
The Holy See noted in its statement that next week will mark the 60th anniversary of Pope John XXIII’s encyclical letter Pacem in Terris, which was published in the aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis.
Archbishop Caccia Addresses General Assembly on the International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia stated that racism is based upon the distorted belief that one person is superior to another, which starkly contrasts the fundamental principle that human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia noted that earlier this month, Pope Francis visited the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, two States where peacekeeping operations aim to provide authorities with support to achieve stability, build the rule of law, and sow the seeds of development.
Archbishop Caccia Discusses the Implications of Sea-level Rise: Implications for International Peace and Security
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia began by echoing the words of Pope Francis that although the world’s poor are least responsible for climate change, they are the most vulnerable and already suffer its effects, particularly those due to sea-level rise.
In his statement, Archbishop Caccia addressed the “serious crisis” of the world of work which he said is due in part to changes resulting from the growing global economy, the COVID-19 pandemic, and cyclical financial instability.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia addressed the upcoming visit of Pope Francis to South Sudan from the 3rd to the 5th of February, during which the Holy Father will meet with the President and Vice Presidents in Juba, civil society and internally displaced persons, and participate in ecumenical prayer at the John Garang Mausoleum.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia stated that UN peacekeeping operations offer a sign of hope that nations can overcome globalized indifference to promote just and lasting peace in areas plagued by violence.
Archbishop Caccia began his remarks by sharing the words of Pope Francis that, "Feelings of suspicion, fear, contempt and even hatred towards other individuals or groups judged to be different on the basis of their ethnicity, nationality or religion… too often inspire real acts of intolerance, discrimination, or exclusion.”
Archbishop Caccia began his remarks by communicating the Holy See’s position that the enormous progress in space technology since the dawn of the space age should be used to improve peaceful relations among states.
Archbishop Caccia Speaks on the Report of the International Law Commission on the Work of its Seventy-Third Session (Cluster I)
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia began by commending the International Law Commission’s extensive work during its seventy-third session to advance the progressive development of international law and its codification.
Archbishop Caccia began his remarks by highlighting that the Holy See has attentively followed discussions on outer space for many decades. As a part of our common home, he said, every State has a duty to safeguard it responsibly.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia began by reiterating the Holy See’s support for multilateral efforts to strengthen and fully implement the Program of Action to Prevent, Combat, and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and the international tracing Instrument (ITI).
Archbishop Caccia Speaks During Thematic Discussion on Other Disarmament Measures and International Security
Archbishop Caccia recalled Pope Francis’ comments regarding the capacity of modern communications technology to “make us powerfully aware of the unity and common destiny of the nations,” noting that this unity is threatened by the malicious use of ICTs.
Highlighting that the risk of nuclear war is at the highest point in generations, Archbishop Caccia outlined how disarmament and transparency treaties have been discarded and the disarmament machinery remains deadlocked.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia stated that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions is the greatest global challenge and the overarching goal of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia began by highlighting that climate change is a global problem with grave implications for all, and he called for a multidimensional approach to address its causes and minimize its impact.
In the statement, Archbishop Caccia began by highlighting the family as the foundation for children’s wellbeing, and parents as the primary providers, protectors, and advocates; he stressed that efforts to protect the rights and wellbeing of children must also support and strengthen the family.
Archbishop Caccia began his remarks by highlighting the positive developments that have resulted from globalization, in areas including poverty eradication, job creation, social integration, and international cooperation.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia stated that rebuilding a sustainable future for all is a bold task, especially in times like those we live in, in which most of the greatest challenges are global and interconnected, whereas solutions are divided and fragmented.
In the statement, Archbishop Caccia highlighted that society must recommit to affirming the equal dignity of women and men by addressing key issues affecting women, such as domestic violence, human trafficking, and the commodification of women through prostitution and pornography.
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia condemned terrorism in absolute terms. He noted that its victims are often those in the most vulnerable situations and that their suffering is compounded by the disruptive effects of terrorism on the infrastructure necessary for integral human development.
Archbishop Caccia Speaks About Countering the Use of Information and Communications Technologies for Criminal Purposes
In his remarks, Archbishop Caccia noted that while the rapid development of ICTs has brought significant benefits, contributing to economic, cultural, and social development, their designing and use also comes with significant ethical implications, most notably the use of ICTs for exploitation and abuse and their criminal use by terrorist groups.
Explanation of Position Concerning the Resolution on the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Opening Remarks at the Virtual Side Event entitled “Human Rights Violations in the Amazon during the Time of COVID-19”
Quadrennial Comprehensive Policy Review of Operational Activities for Development of the United Nations System (QCPR)
In his statement, Archbishop Auza reiterated the Holy See's strong support this event on the practical steps necessary to counter terrorism and other acts of violence against religious believers by fostering a culture of tolerance and inclusivity.
Macroeconomic Policy Questions and the Outcomes of the International Conferences on Financing for Development
In his statement, Archbishop Auza reiterated the esteem and encouragement of the Holy See for the work of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and announced that Pope Francis was giving $100,000 for the Agency to benefit children in the Palestine Refugee Camps.
In his remarks, Archbishop Auza emphasized the importance of mothers and fathers and of their joint, selfless and life-long dedication to raise the next generation, stating that the future of humanity depends on how well parents fulfill that mission.
In his intervention, Archbishop Auza said that women, through their feminine genius, are at the forefront of the “revolution of tenderness” that Pope Francis has said the world needs. The revolution of tenderness begins with ensuring the conditions necessary for women and girls to flourish and fulfill their potential in society
The Migrants & Refugees Section offers the Twenty Action Points as a contribution to the drafting, negotiation and adoption of the Global Compacts on Migrants and on Refugees by the end of 2018. Guided by Pope Francis, the Section stands behind the principles embodied in these Points and looks forward to working with the international community toward their inclusion in the Global Compacts.
Archbishop Auza said that the Palestinian Question remains prominent among the problems facing the Middle East, and that the Holy See firmly believes that the only option for peaceful coexistence is to have two independent States.
Because the world is increasingly dependent on space technologies, it is left increasingly vulnerable to attacks against space technology; a war in space could potentially be more devastating to civilizations than armed conflict on the ground.
The Holy See emphasized that poverty is one of the tragic outcomes of social, economic and political exclusion that blocks the participation necessary for integral human development and concentrates development benefits and opportunities in the hands of some.
The Holy See said that the solidarity and the responsibility to protect requires, in the face of impunity, resolute action to create universally agreed jurisdictional norms to prosecute and deter the worst violations of human rights.
Archbishop Auza said that the number of unaccompanied refugee and migrant children has increased five-hundred percent in the last five years and many are, to quote Pope Francis, “defenseless” because of their age, migratory status, and lack of guardians.
Archbishop Auza said that efforts to strengthen the rule of law at the national and international levels must be evaluated by whether they have had a tangible, measurable impact on the most vulnerable.
Second Committee Intervention on Macroeconomic policy questions and International Conferences on Financing for Development
Archbishop Auza said while progress is being made in the eradication of poverty, increasing inequality, the recent rise in the number of people suffering from hunger, and the number of people still left behind cannot but concern the international community.
Archbishop Gallagher said that the Political Declaration on the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons calls for compassion for survivors and appropriate care for their recovery and rehabilitation, especially by establishing partnerships with faith-based organizations and other relevant partners.
Archbishop Gallagher applauded the focus on people, especially those on the margins, something that means not just guarding them from heinous crimes but placing their good ahead of national and geopolitical interests; it also means protecting their human dignity, their right to life, freedom of religion, food, water, housing, work and to a safe environment.
In his statement, Archbishop Gallagher said the Holy See was greatly concerned about the worsening of the conflict in the CAR and said that more effective action in protecting civilians, regardless of religion or rank, is necessary to promote impartiality and increase trust.
In his statement, Archbishop Gallagher gave a short history of the Holy See’s involvement in the fight against modern slavery and stated that ending forced labor, trafficking in persons and all forms of modern slavery is one of the defining priorities of Pope Francis’ papacy.
Archbishop Auza said that while the Responsibility to Protect was only defined by the international community at the 2005 World Summit, the United Nations was basically born with and from the idea: while it is the primary responsibility of States is to protect their populations, when they fail or are incapable, it is the international community's responsibility to protect populations exposed to genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity.
In his statement, Msgr. Kassas, Chargé d’Affaires a.i., reiterated the Holy See’s strong support for a negotiated two-State solution and called on both parties to agree on substantial steps to lower tensions and violence on the ground.
Role of Religious Leaders and Actors to Prevent Incitement to Violence that Could Lead to Atrocity Crimes
In his statement, Archbishop Auza said religious leaders play a major role in preventing atrocity crimes by promoting peace and interreligious dialogue, which influence the behaviors and mentalities of those in their communities.
In its statement, the Holy See said that while many factors contribute to the various forms of trafficking, such as poverty, lack of adequate employment, the migration and refugee crisis, and other economic and political components, the root cause of trafficking of persons is the dehumanization of people as objects or commodities.
Archbishop Auza said that the welfare of migrants and refugees is a key priority for Pope Francis, and stressed the importance of addressing the drivers of migration such as conflict, violence, economic and political instability, drug trafficking, and natural disasters, in order to find sustainable solutions for the migration crisis.
At the Plenary Session, Cardinal Turkson spoke of the “Laudato Si’ Challenge,” which involves business, political, religious and civil society leaders and groups throughout the world and highlights the importance of environmental concerns in business, planning, law and policy.
In his intervention, Cardinal Turkson said that the increase in human activities in the ocean foreseen in upcoming years challenges us to improve marine-related knowledge and research, develop better conservation strategies and improve policies, laws, regulations and behavior to keep our oceans, seas and marine resources sustainable.
In his statement at the Commission on Population and Development, Archbishop Auza said that the world is challenged by a demographic shift from young, growing populations with high fertility and low mortality to older populations with lower fertility, higher mortality and higher consumption.
The common destiny of mankind demands the pragmatic strengthening of dialogue and the building and consolidating of mechanisms of trust and cooperation, capable of creating the conditions for a world without nuclear weapons.
Security Council Open Debate on Maintenance of International Peace and Security: Trafficking in persons in conflict situations
People of goodwill, whatever their religious beliefs, can never allow women, children and men to be treated merely as objects, to be deceived, violated, often sold and resold for profit, leaving them devastated in mind and body only to be finally eliminated or abandoned.
Statement on Third Committee Agenda Item 26 (a, b): Social Development, including Youth, Ageing etc.
The Holy See shares the deep concern repeatedly expressed by the United Nations General Assembly and by the governing bodies of the relevant Specialized Agencies with regard to the prevalence and impact of antimicrobial resistance in all parts of the world.